Computer Technologies and Resources in Historical Researches and Education

Basic Divisions: Laboratory of Historical and Political Information Science, Department of Modern Russia History, Faculty of History and Politics, Perm State University
 
Brief Description of Research Activities
Historical Information Science is aimed at investigation of specificity of IT process in the sphere of Historical Sciences and education. Historical Information Science is based on the system of fundamental and applied knowledge and modern information technologies which are necessary for research and historical education. The trend was founded in the 1960s and is being highly developed in Russia and abroad at the present moment. In 1986 the International Association «History and Computing» was founded, in 1992 the similarly named branch of the association was founded in Russia. Scientific centres in Russia and other countries are carrying out theoretical and practical research within the trend and implementing the appropriate educational programmes. The trend is being actively developed in Germany, Great Britain, Austria, the Netherlands, the USA, Norway and other countries. In Russia the sphere of Historical Information Science is presented by the scholars working at the Faculties of History in Moscow State University, Saint-Petersburg University, Altai State University, Tambov State University, Tomsk State University and others. Historical Information Science at Perm State University has been developing intensely since the first Ural Historical and Political Information Science Laboratory was founded. The Laboratory was established by the order of the Rector of Perm State University on August, 6, 2003, as an interdepartmental educational, scientific and methodological subdivision of the Faculty of History and Politics to develop the perspective interdisciplinary scientific, educational and methodological trend – implementation of new information technologies and methods in historical and political research, and in the educational process. The Laboratory provides development of educational and methodological documentation, planning and realisation of the lecture courses “Computer Science”, “Historical Information Science”, “Computer Technologies in Political Research and Education”, special courses and seminars, efficient educational, methodological and scientific student activity in the sphere of Information and Communication Technology use.
 
Most of research works are devoted to fundamental and applied issues, as well as Historical Sciences and education IT processes. The questions of digitalisation, storage, documentation, visualisation, historical and cultural heritage artifacts studying based on the development of the full-text historically oriented information systems are of great significance. The projects of designing and development of such systems were supported by the leading Russian scientific foundations.
 
Along with the research activity and development of information system projects scholars study theoretical and practical problems of computer source study, develop new and adopt previously existing methodologies of historical and political sources, realia and processes research, based on Information and Communication Technology, use network and multimedia technologies to develop new electronic resources and other specialised scientific and educational products.
 
The research activity resulted in the development of the following historically oriented information systems: “Russian Parliamentarians of the early XXth century” (Russian Foundation for the Humanities, № 03-01-12012 v. supervisor Igor K. Kiryanov); “Magazines of Zemstvo's assemblies as a source of researching the history of local self-management in Russia (second half of the XIX - the beginning of the XX century)” (Russian Foundation for Basic Research, № 04-07-90283 v. supervisor Sergey I. Kornienko); “Perm Provincial Sheets” (Russian Foundation for the Humanities, № 05-01-82102 а/U № 08-01-82101 а/U supervisor Sergey I. Kornienko); “The State Duma Stenographic Reports, 1906-1917” (Russian Foundation for the Humanities, № 08-01-12108 v. supervisor Igor K. Kiryanov).
 
Since 2009 the optical character recognition programme for handwritten and early printed Cyrillic script books has been developing based on the principles of artificial intelligence technology and parallel computing.
 
The research work within the programme is realised through the collaboration of the Faculty of History and Politics, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, Internet centre of Perm State University, Perm Regional Local History Museum, A.M. Gorky Perm Regional Library, Perm Art Gallery, the Regional Archives, the Russian State Library and others. Since 2011 the project “Perm Periodicals of the Kolchak period: preservation, documentation and study by information technologies” has been realised jointly with the Perm Regional Local History Museum. The scientific trend development results in solving the problems of preservation of valuable historical and cultural monuments and artifacts by their digitalisation, developing databases and information systems on their basis, providing access to document collections, their exploration with new and more professional instruments.
 
The trend representatives effectively train specialists in History and Political Sciences, who can develop and use electronic historical and politological resources, use Information and Communication Technology in the educational process and research work.
 
Selected Publications Characterising Scientific Research Trend
1. Development of Information and Communication Competence of the classical university graduates: scientific edition / S.I. Kornienko, V.V. Malanin, E.V. Osipennikova et al.; Perm, Perm State University, 2007. 224 p. (In Russian)
2. Gagarina D.A., Kornienko S.I. Development of Information and Communication Competence of students based on History teaching as a comprehensive discipline: Teacher's book / Perm, Perm State University, 2007. 170 p. (In Russian)
3. Kornienko S.I. Internet sources of the history of Stalinism and Stalinist Era study // Historiography of Stalinism: monograph: Moscow: Russian Political Encyclopedia, 2007. (In Russian)
4. Documentation and Analysis of the Historical and Cultural Heritage by Historical Information Science Methods: Proceedings of the Joint Seminar (held at Graz, April, 15–17, 2009). Series of the Institute of History (University of Graz), vol. 18 / eds. by S. I. Kornienko and I. H. Kropač. Perm–Graz: Perm University, 2009. 156 p. (In English)
5. Historical and Cultural Heritage and Information and Communication Technology: preservation and research: Proceedings of the Scientific Conference (Perm, 13-14 November, 2009) / ed. by S.I. Kornienko; Perm, Perm State University, 2009. 238 p. (In Russian)
6. Gagarina D.A. Highly-developed information and educational university environment as a means of development of humanitarian component of higher professional education (by the example of the National History course): monograph / Perm, Perm State University, 2010. 178 p. (In Russian)  
7. Kornienko S.I., Aidarov Y.R., Gagarina D.A., Cherepanov F.M., Yasnitsky L.N. Optical character recognition system for handwritten and early printed texts // Information resources of Russia. 2011. № 1. pp. 35-37. (In Russian)
8. Gagarina D.A., Kornienko S.I. Educational potential of the topic “Great Patriotic War” for the practical course of Historical Information Science // Perm University Herald. Series “History”. 2010. Iss. 1(13). pp. 91-96. (In Russian)
9. Kornienko S.I., Volgireva G.P., Gagarina D.A. Database as a means of facetted classification of handwritten and early printed Cyrillic script editions // Information technologies and written heritage. Proceedings of International Scientific Conference, Ufa, 28 - 31 October, 2010. Ufa, 2010. pp. 121-125. (In Russian)
10. Kornienko S.I., Yasnitsky L.N., Aidarov Y.R., Cherepanov F.M. Parametrised clustering instrument “Early printed Cyrillic Symbol” // Information technologies and written heritage. Proceedings of international scientific conference, Ufa, 28 - 31 October, 2010. Ufa, 2010. pp. 130-133. (In Russian)
11. Salyakhieva R.V. Analysis of newspapers (by the example of The Information System “Perm Provincial Sheets”) // Information technologies and written heritage. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference, Ufa, 28 - 31 October, 2010. Ufa, 2010. pp. 180-184. (In Russian)
12. Kornienko S.I., Maslennikov N.N. Data warehouse as a component of historical oriented thematic resource // Informational bulletin of Association “History and Computing” №36, October, 2010. Proceedings of the XIIth Scientific Conference of Association “History and Computing”. Moscow University Press. Moscow, 2010. pp. 70-72. (In Russian)
13. Smetanin A.V. Modelling the system of inter-deputy ties of the State Duma in the Russian Empire // Informational bulletin of Association “History and Computing” №36, October, 2010. Proceedings of the XIIth Scientific Conference of Association “History and Computing”. Moscow University Press. Moscow, 2010. pp. 92-93. (In Russian)
14. Ryabukhin I.V. Content analysis of inquiry activity in the State Duma of the Russian Empire // Informational bulletin of Association “History and Computing” №36, October, 2010. Proceedings of the XIIth Scientific Conference of Association “History and Computing”. Moscow University Press. Moscow, 2010. pp. 118-119. (In Russian)
15. Povroznik N.G. “Material interests” in the activities of Zemstvo deputies in late 19-th century // The Newsletter of the Perm-Oxford Association. Perm News. Oxford. January 2010. pp. 6-7. (In English)
16. Smetanin A.V. Inter-fractional parliamentary blocks as indicator of organisational crisis: observation from the early XXth century //Power. 2010. №10. p.104-107. (In Russian)
17. Ryabukhin I.V. Deputy inquiries in the State Duma of the Russian Empire // Power. 2010. № 11. pp.137-140. (In Russian)
18. Kiryanov I.K., Kornienko S.I., Gagarina D.A., Ryabukhin I.V. The parliamentary history of Russia in the early XXth century informational database // Power. 2010. № 12. pp. 83-86. (In Russian)
19. Kornienko S.I., Gagarina D.A. Use of source-oriented information systems in historical education // Методичний вісник історичного факультету. Iss. 8, Kharkov, 2009. pp. 45-54. (In Russian)
20. Smetanin A.V. The role of Duma fractions in law-making process in the 1906-1917 // Power. №7, 2009. pp.126-128. (In Russian)
21. Gagarina D. Newspaper “Perm provincial sheets” 1838 - 1844's.: Problems of source-study research and historical and cultural heritage preservation //Documentation and Analysis of the Historical and Cultural Heritage by Historical Information Science Methods: Proceedings of the Joint Seminar (held at Graz, April, 15–17, 2009). Series of the Institute of History (University of Graz), vol. 18 / eds. by S. I. Kornienko and I. H. Kropač. Perm–Graz: Perm University. pp. 90-99. (In English)
22. Gagarina D.A. Historical modelling: approaches, methods, investigations // Perm University Herald. Series “Mathematics. Mechanics. Computer Science”. 2009. Iss. 7(33). pp. 26-33. (In Russian)
23. Kiryanov I.K., Kornienko S.I. The State Duma stenographic reports in the early XX-th century: from traditional to information source-study // Chelyabinsk State University Herald. Series “History”. Iss. 30. 2009. № 6. pp. 144–148. (In Russian)
24. Kornienko S.I. Pre-revolutionary Russia state governance and self-governance history studying // Power. 2009. № 11. pp. 44-46. (In Russian)
25. Ryabukhin I.V. Inquiry activity in the State Duma of the Russian Empire // Power. № 8. 2009. pp. 137-140. (In Russian)
26. Kiryanov I.K. Deputy Corps and lobbyist practices in Russia in the early XXth century // Power. 2009. № 1. pp. 105–109. (In Russian)
27. Gagarina D.A. Semantic networks models for historical sciences and education // History and Archeology of Polotsk and Polotsk Region: Proceedings of the Vth International Scientific Conference (24-25 October, 207). Polotsk. pp. 370-372. (In Russian)
28. Gagarina D.A., Kornienko S.I. Handwritten and early-printed Cyrillic books in the Internet // Perm  University Herald. Series “History”. Iss. 3 (10). Series “Politology”. Iss. 3(7). 2009. pp. 112-119. (In Russian)
29. Gorbacheva N.G., Gagarina D.A., Smetanin A.V. Russia-Austria scientific seminar “Documentation and Analysis of the Historical and Cultural Heritage by Historical Information Science Methods” (held at Graz, April, 15–17, 2009) // Perm University Herald. Series “History”. Iss. 2(9). Series “Politology”. Iss. 2(6). 2009. pp. 136-142. (In Russian)
30. Gagarina D.A., Gorbacheva N.G., Kiryanov I.K., Kornienko S.I., Smetanin A.V. Problems of historical and cultural heritage preservation: dialogue of scholars // Russian-Slovenian Days at the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Ljubljana, May, 2009. Ljubljana, 2009. pp. 207-209. (In English)
31. Gagarina D.A., Henner E.K. Structure of highly-developed information and educational environment of innovative university // University management: practice and analysis. 2009. № 3. pp.69-73. (In Russian)
32. Gagarina D.A. Highly-developed information and educational university environment as a means of development of humanitarian component of education // Perm University Herald. Series “Mathematics. Mechanics. Computer Science”. 2009. Iss. 3(29). pp. 122-127. (In Russian)
33. Salyakhieva R.V. Official periodicals in provincial government // Power. № 9. 2009. pp. 144-146. (In Russian)
34. Gagarina D.A., Kornienko S.I. Thematic historical oriented resources as a means of higher education teaching // Education informatisation – 2009: Proceedings of International Scientific Conference. Volgograd, 2009. pp. 225-230. (In Russian)
35. Kiryanov I.K. Individual voting in the State Duma of the third convocation, 1907 – 1912: cluster analysis experience // Chelyabinsk University Herald. Series “History”. Iss. 31, № 12. 2009. pp. 156-160. (In Russian)
36. Gagarina D.A. Electronic text technologies as a basis of Historical Science and education informatisation // Modern information technologies and written heritage: from ancient texts to electronic libraries: Proceedings of International Scientific Conference (held at Kazan, 26-30 August, 2008) / eds. by V.D. Solovyev, V.A. Baranov. Kazan: Kazan State University Press, 2008. pp. 69-71. (In Russian)
37. Gagarina D.A. Databases as a technological basis of interdisciplinary Computer Science project activity for the junior students of historical specialties // Informational bulletin of Association “History and Computing” №35. Innovative approaches in historical investigations: information technologies, models and methods. Moscow-Barnaul, 2008, pp. 192-193. (In Russian)
38. Kornienko S.I., Gagarina D.A., Gorbacheva N.G. Databases as a basis of Zemstvo self-government history study // History teaching at school. 2008. № 5. Special iss. pp. 19-23. (In Russian)
39. Gagarina D.A. Changes in the History course in pedagogical system at university under conditions of informatisation // The A.I. Herzen Russian State Pedagogical University: series “Post-graduate notes” 2008. № 35/76. pp. 82-86. (In Russian)
40. Pigaleva S.V., Kornienko S.I., Gagarina D.A., Gorbacheva N.G. Newspaper “Perm Provincial Bulletin” 1838 - 1844's.: Problems of source-study research and historical and cultural heritage preservation  // Perm University Herald. Series “History”. Iss. 7(23). 2008. pp. 72-76. (In Russian)
41. Gagarina D.A., Gorbacheva N.G., Kiryanov I.K., Kornienko S.I. The Information System “The State Duma stenographic reports, 1906 - 1917”: tasks and facilities of complex historical oriented resource // Information resources of Russia. 2008. № 6. pp. 14-18. (In Russian)
42. Gagarina D.A. Informatisation of historical education in Russia: theoretical approaches // New technologies in education. 2008. № 6. pp. 18-24. (In Russian)
43. Gorbacheva N.G., Kornienko S.I. Power and voting to Zemstvo self-government in the second half of the XIXth century // Power. 2008. № 12. pp. 99-103. (In Russian)
44. Gagarina D.A., Kornienko S.I. Historical and cultural heritage preservation: informatisation facilities // Ljubljana and Perm Universities Historical Herald. 2008. Iss. 2. / eds. by I.K. Kiryanov and B. Repe. Ljubljana, Perm, 2008. pp. 147-155. (In Russian)
45. Gorbacheva N.G. Social composition of provincial Zemstvo assemblies: comparative research by the example of Moscow, Saint-Petersburg and Perm provinces // the Ural Biryukov Readings. Chelyabinsk, 2008. Iss. 5. pp. 229-234. (In Russian)
46. Volgireva G.P., Kornienko S.I., Pigaleva S.V. Source-study analysis of the newspaper “Perm Provincial Bulletin” (XIX-the early XXth century) as a basis for designing and development of information system // Perm University Herald. Iss. 3 (8). Series “History and Politology”. Perm, 2007. pp. 79-89. (In Russian)
47. Kornienko S.I. Historiography during the historical sciences computerization process: status, problems, perspectives. – abstracts, Polotsk, 2007. (In Russian)
48. Gorbacheva N.G. Database as a basis of historiography-oriented complex for analysis of the International association “History and Computing” activity // Informational bulletin of Association “History and Computing”. Moscow, 2006. № 34. pp. 170-172. (In Russian)
49. Smetanin A.V. Soviet-Finland trade relations in the 1956-1986s. Statistical methods based periodisation  // Informational bulletin of Association “History and Computing”. № 34, Moscow, 2006. pp. 137 - 139. (In Russian)
50. Kornienko S.I. The Information System “Russian Parliamentarians in the early XXth century” // Centenary of Russian Parliamentarianism: history and present time. Nizhny Novgorod, 2006. pp. 158-164. (In Russian)
51. S. Kornienko & D. Gagarina The Information System «Network of scientific concepts» // XVIth International Conference of the Association for History and Computing, 2005. (In English)
52. Gorbacheva N. Evolution of the ultra-right parties in Russia: a case study of The Russian National Unity and the Russian Orthodox National Socialist Movement // Abstracts of XVIth International Conference of the Association for History and Computing. Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 14-17th September 2005. (In English)
53. Kiryanov I.K. The Information System “Russian Parliamentarians in the early XXth century” / I.K. Kiryanov, S.I. Kornienko // Perm University Herald. Series “History and Politology”. Iss. 5. 2005. pp. 50-55. (In Russian)
54. Kornienko S.I. Stalin and Stalinism in the Internet. Quantitative resource analysis experience // The XXth century: Historiography, Source-Study, and Regional History of Russia: collection of papers. Nizhny Novgorod, 2004. pp. 204-212. (In Russian)
55. Gorbacheva N.G. Modern Russia problems in the documents and materials of extremist political parties: a case study of The Russian National Unity and the Russian Orthodox National Socialist Movement. Content analysis experience // Informational bulletin of Association “History and Computing” № 32, 2004. pp. 125 - 127. (In Russian)
56. Kornienko, Sergey: Teaching History of Stalinism in Internet. // XVth International Conference of the Association for History and Computing. Norwegian Historical Data Centre (NHDC), Universitetet i Tromsø, Augast 2003. (In English)
57. Kiryanov I.K. Sociocultural factors of political choice in Russia in the early XXth century // Range of ideas: Historical Information Science in information society. Moscow, 2001. pp. 39-52. (In Russian)
58. Kornienko S.I. Perm regional branch of Association “History and Computing” and perspectives of Historical Information Science development in the Kama Region // Informational Bulletin of Association “History and Computing” № 28, 2000. pp. 49 - 60. (In Russian)
59. Kornienko S.I. History of Russian Social Democracy in Internet // Centenary of Russian Social-Democratic Working-class Party: Proceedings of International Scientific Conference. Moscow, 1999. pp. 138-146. (In Russian)
 
The Most Significant Fundamental and Applied Research Projects
1. The grant of Russian Foundation for Basic Research № 09-06-00254 а  “Manuscripts and early printed texts: recognition application development based on artificial intelligence technologies and parallel computing” (supervisor Sergey I. Kornienko).
2. The grant of Russian Foundation for the Humanities № 08-01-12108 v “The Information System “The State Duma Stenographic Reports, 1906-1917” (supervisor Igor K. Kiryanov)
3. The grant of Russian Foundation for the Humanities № 08-01-82101 а/U The newspaper “Perm Provincial Bulletin, 1838-1844: questions of source-study research and historical and cultural heritage preservation” (supervisor Sergey I. Kornienko).
4. The grant of Russian Foundation for the Humanities № 03-01-12012 v “Russian Parliamentarians of the early XXth century” (supervisor Igor K. Kiryanov).
5. The grant of Russian Foundation for the Humanities № 05-01-82102 а/U “Source-study analysis of the newspaper “Perm Provincial Sheets” (XIX-the early XXth century)” (supervisor Sergey I. Kornienko).
6. The grant of Russian Foundation for Basic Research № 04-07-90283 v “Magazines of Zemstvo's assemblies as a source of researching the history of local self-management in Russia (second half of the XIX - the beginning of the XX century). Information system)” (supervisor Sergey I. Kornienko);
7. 2011-2012 – The grant of Russian Foundation for the Humanities № 11-11-59003-а/U “Perm Periodicals of the Kolchak period: preservation, documentation and studying by means of information technology” (supervisor Sergey I. Kornienko).
8. 2011-2013 – The grant of Russian Foundation for the Humanities № 11-01-12006в “Parliamentarian history of pre-revolutionary Russia: scientific and educational Internet portal” (supervisor Igor K. Kiryanov).
9. 2011-2012 – The grant of Russian Foundation for the Humanities № 11-36-00379а2 “Informational environment of historical education: model, resources, teaching methods” (supervisor Gagarina D.A.).
10.  The grant of Russian Foundation for Basic Research – Russia-Austria Seminar «Documentation and Analysis of the Historical and Cultural Heritage by Historical Information Science Methods: Proceedings of the Joint Seminar» (held at Graz, April, 15–17, 2009) (supervisors Sergey I. Kornienko, I. Kropač).
 
Training of Researchers (Post-graduate and Doctoral Programmes):
Post-graduate Programme, specialty 07.00.02 “Russian History”
 
International Research and Educational Activities
1. 2003 – participation in the XVth International Conference of the Association for History and Computing. Tromsø, Norway.
2. 2005 – participation in the XVIth International Conference of the Association for History and Computing. Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
3. 2007 – practical studies of the laboratory research workers in the scientific centres of  Historical Information Science in Karl-Franzens University of Graz (Austria) and the University of Cologne (Germany).
4. November, 2007 – the Faculty of History and Politics (Perm State University) and Institute of History (Karl-Franzens University of Graz , Austria) signed the Memorandum of understanding in research work and education in the sphere of Historical Information Science.
5. 2008 – participation in the International Programme for Academic Exchange between Perm State University and Oxford University.
6. 2009 – planning and realisation of the Joint Seminar “Documentation and Analysis of the Historical and Cultural Heritage by Historical Information Science Methods” (Graz, Austria).
7. 2009 – participation in the International Seminar of the Association “History and Computing” devoted to the problems of Historical Information Science course teaching and Information and Communication Technology implementation in History teaching. Kharkov.
8. 2010 – forging scientific contacts, sharing experiences and further interaction with the Institute of Slavic Studies (Vienne) and Computer Vision Automatisation Laboratory of the Automatisation Institute of Vienna University of Technology for problems of digitalisation, preservation, documentation, visualisation and studying of electronic manuscripts and early printed Cyrillic texts by means of  Information Technology.


The leading scientists

Sergey I. Kornienko


Address
15 Bukireva, Perm 614990, Russia
Perm State University
Faculty of History and Politics
 
Phone, Fax, e-mail
+7 (342) 239-68-17, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
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