Investigation of Artistic and Philosophic Discourse in Literature
Basic Divisions: Department of Russian Literature.
Brief Description of Research Activities
The scientific trend that has been developed since the 1970s is devoted to integral interpretation of philosophic poems, drama and prose as special substantive and structural entities. The trend also uses elements of the typological and structural analysis with regard to the specific tasks.
The special approach of philosophic and artistic discourse analysis which has been developed within the trend provides a new conceptual framework to discover the literary author’s intention.
The new approach allows to unite the interest of Contemporary Literary Science and Criticism towards the essence of philosophic discourse and empirical interpretation of philosophic literary works, as well as to provide the integral view of artistic and philosophic discourse.
The literary work, containing the author’s philosophic intention is not considered to be an explanation of a philosophic doctrine. As philosophic ideas in art are reflected in the form (poetics), the analysis of philosophic and artistic discourse is based on the investigation of a specific artistic structure; all this determines that the Theory of Philosophic Genres is established and developed.
In this case the concepts of meta-genre and its typological variant (philosophic meta-genre) are essentially for the trend in question. The meta-genre is understood as a structural, neutral to any type of literature, settled invariant of multiple individual historical ways of the world modelling united with a single artistic object. There are three variants of the meta-genre depending on a specific artistic object – philosophic, phenomenal and typological. The meta-genres are considered to be artistic world models. Integrity and specificity of each model is determined by the artistic object that determines in its turn the character of plot-generating oppositions, logic of plot unfolding, space and subject organisation of the image of the world and potential of image extension.
Thus, the Theory of Philosophic Genres is transformed into the methodology of analysis of philosophic meta-genre works which allows to carry out the profound analysis of the work and to find its place in the national and world literary process.
Selected Publications Characterising Scientific Research Trend
1. Spivak R.S. A. Blok. Philosophic lyric poetry of the 1919s: Study Guide: Perm, Perm State University, 1978. 112 p. (In Russian)
2. Spivak R.S. V.V. Mayakovsky’s pre-October lyric poetry. Social and philosophic problems. Poetics: Study Guide: Perm, Perm State University, 1980. 127 p. (In Russian)
3. Spivak R.S. Russian philosophic lyric poetry. Problems of genre typology: Krasnoyarsk: Krasnoyarsk University Press, 1985. 140 p. (In Russian)
4. Spivak R.S. Illness, pain and tears in L.Andreev’s literary works // How people in culture and literature experience illnesses and cure themselves. STUDIA LITTERARIA POLONO SLAVIKA.6. SOW WARSZAWA, 2001. pp. 261 – 270. (In Russian)
5. Spivak R.S. L. Andreev’s “Judas Iscariot”. Poetics and interpretation // Collection of papers «SINE ARTE NIHIL». Belgrade; Moscow, 2002. pp. 284 – 302. (In Russian)
6. Popova O.A. Description of nature in the text about nobility in Russian literature of the early XX-th century // Nature: material and spiritual. Theses and reports of All-Russian Scientific Conference “Readings devoted to A.S. Pushkin” (6 – 7 June, 2002) of the Institute of Russian Literature (the Pushkin House), Russian Academy of Sciences, and A.S. Pushkin Leningrad State Regional University. – Saint-Petersburg: A.S. Pushkin Leningrad State Regional University, 2002. pp. 69 – 71. (In Russian)
7. Zvereva Y.V. A. Volynsky’s philosophic critique (the 1890s) // Text analysis approaches: Proceedings of International Conference for students, post-graduates and young teachers: Izhevsk, 2003. pp. 191 – 195. (In Russian)
8. Zvereva Y.V. Existential motives in A. Volynsky’s critique (A. Volynsky and Kierkegaard) // Linguistic and aesthetic aspects of text and speech analysis: International Scientific Conference collection of papers. Solikamsk, 2004. pp. 19 – 23. (In Russian)
9. Spivak R.S. Russian and Jewish mentality in the aspect of literary space // History. Culture. Literature. Jerusalem, 2004. pp. 179 – 188. (In Russian)
10. Spivak R.S. Chekhov and the motive of submission in Russian literature of the XIX-th century // DIALOGUES WITH CHEKHOV: 100 YEARS LATER. Sofia, 2004. pp. 99 – 108. (In Russian)
11. Spivak R.S. Image of a city in B. Poplavsky’s lyric poetry // ROSSICA OLOMUCENSIA XLII (ZA ROK 2003) 1. cast. Rocenka katedry slavistiky na Filolozoficke fakulte University Palackeho. Olomouc, 2004. pp. 329 – 334. (In Russian)
12. Spivak R.S. Chekhov-existentialist: the Russian version // Russian literature of the ХХ – ХХIth centuries: theoretical and methodological problems of investigation: Proceedings of International Scientific Conference (10-11 November, 2004). Moscow: Moscow State University Press, 2004. pp. 42 – 45. (In Russian)
13. Spivak R.S. City suburbs in Russian culture of the late XIXth-the early XXth centuries // Geographic panorama of the Russian culture. Province and its local texts. Moscow, 2004. pp. 545 – 560. (In Russian)
14. Spivak R.S. Russian philosophic lyric poetry. The 1910s: Study Guide. Moscow: “Flinta” Press; “Science”, 2005. 407 p. (In Russian)
15. Tuzova E.A. Christian images in V. Khlebnikov’s philosophic lyric poetry // Library and national culture: inter-university collection of papers. Perm, 2005. pp. 63 – 66. (In Russian)
16. Tuzova E.A. The concept of philosophic meta-genre in the interpretation of V. Khlebnikov’s poetry // Russian literature of the ХХ-ХХIth centuries: theoretical and methodological problems of investigation: Proceedings of II International Scientific Conference (16-17 November, 2006). Moscow, 2006. pp. 323 – 327. (In Russian)
17. Popova O.A. Image of a manorial house in I.A. Novikov’s story “Rooster” as a field of struggle between Good and Evil // Moscow State Forestry University Herald. 2006. № 6 (48). pp. 197 – 201. (In Russian)
18. Tuzova E.A. The philosophy of history and society in V. Khlebnikov’s poetry // Readings devoted to B.O. Korman: Proceedings of Inter-university Conference. Izhevsk, 2006. Iss. 6. pp. 351 – 356. (In Russian)
19. Tuzova E.A. “Slavonic army” (“Army of Russ”) V. Khlebnikov’s early poetry // Traditional Russian from the Slavonic peoples’ point of view. Iss. 1. Perm, 2007. – pp. 130 – 136. (In Russian)
20. Tuzova E.A. Motive of combination in V. Khlebnikov’s poetry // Proceedings of XV International Conference for students, post-graduates and young scholars “Lomonosov”. Moscow, 2008. pp. 574 – 577. (In Russian)
21. Tuzova E.A. V. Khlebnikov’s poem “Life” in the author’s system of artistic philosophy // Philological etudes: collection of papers in 3 parts: Saratov, 2008. Iss. 11. Parts I – II. pp. 67 – 72. (In Russian)
22. Moiseeva A.A. “Role” and “mask” in N. Gumilyov’s poetry // Text analysis approaches: Proceedings of International Conference for students, post-graduates and young teachers (23-25 April, 2002). Izhevsk: Udmurtia State University, 2003. Pp. 195 – 201. (In Russian)
23. Moiseeva A.A. Image of Jair’s daughter in the subtext of the two poems: A. Akhmatova “Confession” and M.I. Tsvetaeva “It seems to me that every day is Saturday!” // The Bible and national culture: inter-university collection of papers / Perm State University; ed. by N.S. Bochkareva. Perm, 2004. pp. 219 – 221. (In Russian)
24. Moiseeva A.A. Belief, love and hatred: three interpretations of the story of Resurrection // Scientific and methodological journal “Philologist”, Perm State Pedagogical University. Iss. 5. Perm, 2004. pp. 27 – 33. (In Russian)
25. Spivak R.S., Kropotina Y.A. High didactics of I.A. Novikov // Perm University Herald. Russian and Foreign Philology. 2010. Iss. 5 (11). pp. 129 – 140. (In Russian)
26. Spivak R.S. I. Annensky-lyricist as the Russian existentialist // Innokentiy Fyodorovich Annensky. 1855 – 1909. Materials and investigations. Moscow: M. Gorky Institute of Literature Press, 2009. pp. 57 – 66. (In Russian)
The Most Significant Fundamental and Applied Research Projects
1. 1998-1999 – The grant of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation № 53, Federal Target Programme “Fundamental Higher Education Research in the sphere of Natural sciences and Humanities. Universities of Russia” “National dynamics in the Russian literature of the XIXth century”.
2. 1998-1999 – The grant of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation № 67 “Jewish mentality in the aspect of the Russian literature of the ХIХ – ХХth centuries”.
3. 2004 – The grant of GO2-15-22 “Russian formula of existentialism in the literature of the first half of the XXth century”.
4. 2009 – The grant of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research № 09-04-95578 m/ml “Evolution of Velimir Khlebnikov’s artistic philosophy (poetry of the 1910-1920s)”.
5. 2005-2008 - The grant of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research № 05-06-80331 “Investigation of “pseudo-other” speech in the Russian role poetry”.
Training of Researchers (Post-graduate and Doctoral Programmes)
Post-graduate Programme, specialty 10.01.01 “Russian Literature”.
International Research and Educational Activities
Since 2001 – publication in the international symposium book “Philological notes” (Russia, Macedonia, Croatia, Slovenia).
International scientific and educational collaboration with the University of Ljubljana (Slovenia): work on the joint scientific and educational programmes for Russian Literature, Slovenian language (the Faculty of Philology, Perm State University), student and scientist exchange; reading courses at the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Ljubljana.
Participation in the International Association of Slovenian language and literature lovers.
Participation in the work of the International Editorial Council of the journal “Perm State University Herald. Russian and Foreign Philology”.