Structure and Physical Properties of Solids
Department of Solid Physics
Brief Description of Research Activities
Creation of innovative methods of energy accumulation, environmentally friendly energy sources based on hydrides of light elements.
Development of new methods for studying the structure of crystal and amorphous solids with respect to the materials of hydrogen energy (various metal – hydrogen systems), materials of integrated optics, construction materials, experimental studying the structure and properties of various materials, computer simulation, analysis of shock-wave loading and various effects of self-organization of solids.
Practical implementation is related to creation of new navigation systems: fiber-optic gyroscopes, new effective materials – hydrogen accumulators, and also new nano-modified construction materials.
Selected Publications Describing the Research Trend
1. Volyntsev A.B. Hereditary Mechanics of Dislocation Ensembles. Computer Simulation and the Experiment. Irkutsk: Irkutsk University Publishers, 1990. 288 p. (In Russian)
2. Azanova I.S., Shevtsov D.I., Zhundrikov A.V., Kichigin V.I., Petukhov I.V., Volyntsev A.B. Chemical Etching Technique for Investigation of a Structure of Annealed and Unannealed Proton Exchange Channel LiNbO3 Waveguides // Ferroelectrics. 2008. Vol. 374, Issue 1. pp. 241-253. (In English)
3. Azanova I.S., Shevtsov D.I., Kichigin V.I., Petukhov I.V., Volyntsev A.B. Precipitation of Laminated Phases in H:LiNbO3 Layers // J.Solid Physics 2006. Vol. 48, No. 6. pp. 993-995. (In Russian)
4. Spivak L.V. Synergic Effects of Deformation Response in Thermodinamically Open Metal – Hydrogen Systems //Advances in Physical Sciences. 2008. Vol.178, No.9. p.89. (In Russian)
5. Spivak L., Lunarska E. Regularities of the Shear Modulus and Deformation Response in Al-H System //Advances in materials sciences . 2007. Vol. 7 (1). pp.191-197. (In English)
6. Spivak L.V., Shelyakov A.V. Thermal Effects upon Crystallization of TiNi-TiCu Amorphous Alloy System with Hydrogen// ISJAEE. 2009. No.7. pp. 8-12. (In Russian)
7. Skryabina N., Fruchart D. Soft Magnetic Alloys with Amorphous and Ultra-Fine Grain Structure upon Loading with Hydrogen // J. Alloys and Compounds. 2006. 423. pp. 120-122. (In English)
8. Rango P. de, Chaise A., Charbonnier J., Fruchart D., Jehan M., Marty Ph., Miraglia S., Rivoirard S. and Skryabina N. Nanostructured Magnesium Hydride for Pilot Tank Development// Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 2007. Vol. 446. pp. 52–57. (In English)
9. Skryabina N.E., Fruchart D., Cagnon L., Ladyanov V.I., Shelyakov A.V. Interaction of Hydrogen with Amorphous Nanostructured and Fine Crystalline Functional Materials //Journal of Alloys and Compound. 2009. 483. pp. 507–509. (In English)
10. Naimark O.B. Defect Induced Transitions as Mechanisms of Plasticity and Failure in Multifield Continua(review paper)// Advances in Multifield Theories of Continua with Substructure/ Ed. G. Capriz and P. Mariano, Birkhäuser. Boston, 2004. pp. 75-114. (In English)
11. Naimark O.B. Instability in Condensed Media due to Defects // Letters to JETP. 1998. Vol. 67, No. 9. pp. 751-757. (In Russian)
12. Naimark O.B. Structural-Scaling Transitions and Localized Distortion Modes in the DNA Double Helix// Physical Mesomechanics. 2007. 10, 1-2. pp.33-45. (In English)
13. Naimark O.B. Structural-Scaling Transitions and Self-Similar Features of Earthquake Development// Physical Mesomechanics. 2008. Vol.11, Nos..3-4. pp.190-204. (In English)
14. Naimark O.B., Bayandin Yu.V., Leontyev V.A., Panteleyev I.A., Plekhov O.A. Structural-Scaling Transitions and Several Thermodynamic and Kinetic Effects in Spatial Submicro-(Nano-) Crystalline State Materials //J. Physical Mesomechanics. 2009.Vol.12, No.4. pp.47-59. (In Russian)
15. V.K.Henner, I.V.Kaganov. Superradiation from Crystals of High-Spin Molecular Nanomagnets// Phys.Rev. 2003. B. 68. (In English)
The Most Significant Fundamental Research Projects
Study of viscoelastic properties of solids.
Investigation of the effects of solid dislocation structure self-organization, including various extreme impacts (thermal, mechanical, including shock-wave loading), within the Projects of “Dislocation Ensemble Evolution under Shock-Wave Impact of X-Ray Laser Beam” (1991-1993) and “Metal Mesostructure Evolution under Strong Pulse Compression” (1997-1999), etc.
Has been discovered and studied the effect of transformation plasticity and shape memory effect in thermodynamically open metal – hydrogen systems (for metals of IVа и Vа groups of Periodic Table of Elements), and also an isotropic effect in these phenomena (Grants of RFBR No. 94-01-01060 (1995.), No. 94-02-04642 (1995.), etc.)
Anomalies of elastic constants behaviour were discovered in hydrogen saturated fast quenched TiNi-TiCu alloy systems in crystalline, amorphous and amorphous-crystalline state (Grant of RFBR No. 03-02-16561 (2003), Grant of RF Ministry of Education No. Е00-3.4-19, etc.).
The Most Significant Applied Research Projects, Including Enterprise Orders
Complex Project for the “Creation of High-Tech Production Facility for Manufacturing of Integrated Optical Circuits on Lithium Niobate for Optical Fiber Giroscopes, Electric Field and Biopotential Monitoring” (Contracts Nos. 2010/35 and 13.G25.31.0004).
Inter-Regional Project on “Cheap Foam- and Aerated Concrete with Enhanced Properties, Modified by Nano-Dispersion Additives, for House and other Low-Height Building” (together with ROSNANO).
Training of Researchers
Postgraduate and Doctorate Courses for the Specialty: 01.04.07 “Condensed Matter Physics”.
International Scientific and Educational Activities
International Russia – France Project on ”Intermetallic and Nano-Structured Magnesium Based Compositions with Large Accumulated Capacity of the Reversible Hydrogen Storage” (No.07-08-92168, RFBR-CNRS), in the course of which the fundamentally new hydrogen accumulating alloys were created for generating and storage of clean energy.
Delivery of lectures to the students of National Engineering School of Saint Etienne (Prof. A.B. Volyntsev, 2008).
Delivery of Lectures, conducting practical classes and the postgraduate course on ”Alternative Energy Sources” at Fourier University of Grenoble (France) and at Cannes University (France) from 2002 – till now. (Prof. N.Ye. Skryabina).