PSU Students Win Model UN Competition

Egor Barkhatov and Egor Krupin, undergraduate students in Law at Perm State University (PSU), have won the Model UN competition. PSU winners shared their victory with the team of Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia. The event was held in the format of a model process – a meeting of the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, which took place as part of the IX Summer School on Human Rights in Yekaterinburg, Russia.

The Summer School on Human Rights is implemented annually through a consortium of Russian universities running corresponding master’s programs, with a support by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. Here at PSU, the Faculty of Law operates a dedicated master’s program “International Protection of Human Rights”.

The recent competition consisted of two stages – the written distant part, and the oral full-time one. In the first round, the teams prepared memorandums from both sides of the fictitious case – the applicant (individual) and the defendant (state). At the second stage, the participants were asked to act as one of the parties. In 2022, the offered case covered migrant child rights’ protection, tools to fight discrimination, the right to education, participation in the local cultural agenda and related social contacts, as well as obligations of the state in corresponding areas.

In contrast to the Model European Court of Human Rights, serving the schools’ case ground, the recent Model Committee became a fresh and encouraging experience – offering several aspects and layers, encouraging to dig deeper, beyond the activities of a separate Committee, providing relevant practices.

Ksenia Kuznetsova and Marina Sukhanova from the Department of Labor and International Law, PSU, took part in the preparation of the Perm team.

“A separate pleasure became communication with experts, the Model Jury. I am grateful to the School’s organization team, and the Consortium in general – for the opportunities provided,”

notes Ksenia Kuznetsova, Head of the Students’ Tutor Support Project Office, Faculty of Law, PSU.

In 2022, 5 teams of the Consortium of Russian universities that implement the master’s program in the international protection of human rights fought for the right to reach the finals competition oral stage – Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (Moscow), Kazan Federal University (Kazan), PSU (Perm), Ural Federal University (Yekaterinburg) and Ural State Law University (Yekaterinburg).

The competition was judged by Russian experts in international law: Aslan Abashidze, Deputy Chairman of the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; Alexey Avtonomov, ex-chairman of the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination; Alexey Tsykarev, expert at the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues.

PSU Lawyer Contributes to Copyright Agreements, Internationally

What do we know about streaming media? Delivering content, avoiding breaking the law? How relevant would be the ways of its regulation to state and us, people?

Streaming is known as an alternative to file downloading, a process in which the end-user obtains the entire file for the content before watching or listening to it. The term “streaming media” can apply to media other than video and audio, such as live closed captioning, ticker tape, and real-time text, which are all considered “streaming text”. The legal question of streaming is getting extremely controversial with the development of Internet and norms of copyright, implied in international legislation.

Professor Anton Matveev, Department of Civil Law, Perm State University, has joined the international lawyers group preparing a draft Agreement on Cooperation between the Member States of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). The draft aims to protect the rights to objects of copyright and related rights in processing information and telecommunication networks. The agreement had been signed at a meeting of the Council of CIS State Leadersin November, 2021.

The agreement intends to unite efforts of the CIS member states at protecting copyright and allied rights in the Internet format;establish common approaches to related problems in the area, including unified norms of national legislations.

“One of the agreementnovelties, that we proposed, was the provision of Article 7. According to that, reporting about and (or) disclosing the public of objects of copyright and related rightsinvolves the use of such objects as part of radio and (or) television programs, transmitted via Internet resources,”

says Professor Anton Matveev, D.J.S., Faculty of Law, PSU.

“Regardless the fact that streaming becomes most required feature of the modern Internet, neither it is mentioned in our federal legislation, nor it is fixed in global international copyrightagreements – as formal and unambiguous, as it may be. Our efforts are aimed at making it clear that Internet broadcasting resides in the so-called Internet right (the right to address public audience), and not by the powers providing traditional broadcasting, or newly introduced legal authority,”

explains Professor Anton Matveev.

Back in 2016, the development of the draft Agreement had been given to the Russian State Academy of Intellectual Property (RGAIS), serving as a basis institution for CIS countries’education, professional upgrade and advanced personnel training in intellectual property. By order of the RGAIS Rector, Professor Anton Matveev from the PSU Civil Law Department has been included in the working team.

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