Scientists Unite to Globally ‘Shape’ Weather

In less than 40 years, we will be able to control and analyze the weather – combining photonic technology and quantum computers, like preventing storms with a laser, say experts from the “Photonics” NTI Competence Center at Perm State University.

Making weather forecast more accurate and ‘local’? Possible, using optical sensors across the globe!  According to the Laboratory of Integral Photonics at PSU, incorporating the Bragg gratings into such sensors will increase their response to changes in temperature, humidity and ambient pressure. The use of fiber-optic communication lines will help transmit a tiny parameter change via optical signal to data processing centers – to have these data calculated and interpreted through quantum computers.

“By combining photonics and quantum computing technologies, we will be able to control various disasters or cyclones with greater precision. To implement that, we will have to create a new element-component base using photonic technologies, including photonic integrated circuits,” says Valery Kozhevnikov, expert at the Photonics NTI Competence Center, research engineer at the Integrated Photonics Laboratory, PSU. One of the Center’s projects concentrates upon making the platform to design and manufacture photonic integrated circuits, based on hybrid technology.

The principle task of constructing a climate and weather model is, among others, making calculations and building predictions out of incomplete or scattered initial data. The final forecast will be available for a download. As a result, we will enjoy a global network that monitors the weather at every single square mile or kilometer – just like buoys in the ocean or sea monitor water levels.

With ultra-short laser pulses passing through the atmosphere, it is also possible to stimulate precipitation in dry areas or wide distance fires. In 2021, the scientists from Switzerland have already used a laser lightning rod – the new method, which unlike the classical ones, does not cause  electromagnetic interference, hence the protection of electronics from possible interference.

The photonic integrated circuits will be extensively introduced in Russia by 2035.

Photonics is a dynamically developing area in science and technology, adjoining optics and electronics. Photonics uses photons rather than electrons to transmit data compared to electronics, introducing revolutionary change into entire industry. The solutions offered by photonics allow to increase the speed of information transfer and processing, reduce power consumption and provide a higher margin of competitiveness over electronic counterparts.

Today, photonics is a developing high-tech industry, which annual income from the sale of devices and systems exceeds any bold expectations. While in 2019 the photonics market was valued at $ 686.86 billion, it is now expecting to reach $ 1080.3 billion by 2025.

PSU Delegates Report on Work-Based Learning Strategy

The presentation of personnel training in photonics and its application in Russian universities has taken place at the Photonics-2021 exhibition (Moscow, Russia). Perm State University (PSU) PSU shared its experience of work-based learning (WBL) based on interests of industrial partners.

During the presentation, Natalya Dobrynina, Head of the International Academic Cooperation Department, PSU, spoke about the requirements for creating programs based on WBL methods, regarding those challenges its developers have to overcome.

“In our presentation, we intended to demonstrate the benefits of implementing a work-based learning approach taking into account the needs of the employer, university and student. We believe the experience of WBL components in education should be based on successful European practices. The latter have been presented by our partners from Austria, Latvia and Lithuania at the start of the international FlexWBL project. For us, it has been important to get feedback from our industrial partners and partner universities all over Russia,”

Natalya Dobrynina shared.

The Photonics-2021 exhibition took place in Moscow from 30 March to 2 April. The exhibition presented all the trends of modern market in lasers and optoelectronics. The international FlexWBL project is aimed at developing an innovative, practice-oriented training system, with an emphasis on the labor market and interaction with enterprises from different sectors of the economy.

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