psugeography

PSU Biologists and Hydrologists Contribute to Rivers of Europe Book

The Elsevier has published the second edition of the Rivers of Europe, ed. by K. Tockner, C. Zarfl, C.T. Robinson. As in the case of the first edition, researchers of the Faculty of Geography and the Faculty of Biology, Perm State University (PSU), contributed to the publication.

The book describes the biological and geographical features of the Volga and its tributaries, notably the Kama river and Perm-related part – serving the overall vision of the aquatic organisms and ichthyo-fauna, typical of the vast Volga-basin valley. It took 3 years to prepare the publication.

The contributors included researchers from the Department of Hydrology and Protection of Water Resources, the Department of Zoology of Invertebrates and Aquatic Ecology and the Department of Vertebrate Zoology and Ecology, PSU – making 1/3 of the section.

“The result is the most important reference book on all major European rivers, reflecting their current state. The urgent demand and feedback by its readers soon after the first publication in 2009 caused the editing team to start working on an updated version, nearly immediately,”

says Mikhail Baklanov, Head of the Department of Vertebrate Zoology and Ecology, PSU.

Interested on what is the Rivers of Europe about? Want to know more about Perm and the Kama basin?

The Volga River, at 3690 km (2293 mi), is known to be the longest river in Europe, 5th in Russia and 16th globally. The Volga flows into the Caspian Sea, the largest inland sea on Earth, covering various biomes from taiga to semidesert, holding about 151,000 rivers of which 2600 flow into the Volga directly – the Kama being its largest tributary, 5th longest river of Europe, crossing the vast Perm territory, and more.

Deriving its name from the Udmurt “kam”, meaning “river” or “current”. The river became a major link of communication between Asia and Europe. Originally colonized by Fins at the end of the 11th century, it saw the first Russian traders 3-4 centuries later, giving birth to Perm settlement and providing Imperial Russia with minerals, timber, fur and metals for production of armour and cannons.

Related section of the Book concerning the Kama river covers paleography; physiography, climate, and land use; geomorphology, hydrology, and biogeochemistry and questions of pollution; aquatic and riparian biodiversity – including plants, algae, zooplankton, zoobenthos and fish; questions of management and conservation; paleography of the catchment; physiography, climate, and land use.

Today, the Kama catchment consists of 12 administrative regions with a total population of 29 million people. Among them, >10 million (~40%) inhabit the adjacent riverine floodplain. Ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy, coal industry, oil processing, and engineering and chemical industries cause heavy mining activity. Industrial discharge from the river-side cities are the main sources of pollution.

Providing a comprehensive outlook of the Volga and Kama basin, regarding their challenges and prospects, the PSU researchers see the increased content of manganese and iron compounds in water as a result of both anthropogenic and natural factors, including the bed weathering. In general, waters of the Kama are suitable for technical and domestic water supply, after treatment and disinfection.

The book experts, contributing to the research and publication, included Dr. Svetlana Dvinskikh, ScD. Victor Noskov, ScD. Alexander Kitaev, ScD Margarita Aleksevnina, ScD Anna Istomina, ScD Elena Presnova, ScD Mikhail Baklanov, Dr. Evgeny Zinoviev from the faculties of Geography and Biology, PSU.

Please, see the PDF of the Rivers of Europe enclosed.

What Professions Does PSU Teach? Discover the Faculty of Geography!

Event management and HR, landscape design and weather forecasts, logistics and mapping, dealing with visa documentation and guiding tours? Learn it all at the same place – the Faculty of Geography, at Perm State University!

The Faculty of Geography, PSU is one of the national leaders in teaching geosciences, and more. The Faculty prepares specialists in physical, economic and social geography, cartography and geo-informatics, tourism and socio-cultural service, hydrometeorology and environmental management.

Among the Faculty partners are universities and research centers from Finland, Germany, Italy, Kazakhstan, Poland, UK and USA. The Faculty conducts research, runs international conferences, seminars and summer schools for international students.

The Faculty staff uses modern equipment, like a mobile laboratory vehicle equipped for environmental diagnostics, a flying lab unmanned air drone, a solar-wind power plant, and more. The Faculty staff and students conducts various research on site of the Preduralye Forest Reserve, Perm krai, Russia.

So, what professions you might get as you graduate the PSU Faculty of Geography?

  • Geographer: a scientist and researcher of a variety of land-based disciplines and natural objects,  resources and components, as well as human-based factors, like density of population, economy, culture, etc. – with their territorial ‘attachments’.
  • Local historian/regional ethnographer: engages a comprehensive study of a local territory, district or city. 
  • Land surveyor: uses the skills of topographic survey and processing of topographic data.
  • Landscape designer: arranges/improves gardens and parks, suburban and urban areas.
  • Specialist in logistics: deals with issues of optimization of supply processes, transportation of products, warehousing.
  • Geography teacher (speaks for itself).
  • Tour guide: develops routes and related activities, runs tours.
  • Cartographer: gets engaged in professional activities in the field of creating maps and atlases of geosystems of different levels, digital databases and data banks.
  • Hydrologist: deals with the study of land waters and hydrological processes occurring in them, assessment and forecast of the state and rational use of water resources. Solves the problems of hydrometeorological support for the construction of economic facilities, hydrometeorological safety of the population.
  • Meteorologist: observes and researchers atmospheric phenomena.
  • Forecast specialist: deals with meteorological forecasts and the analysis of physical processes in the atmosphere.
  • Hydrochemist: studies the chemical composition of natural waters and the patterns of its change.
  • Oceanologist: studies the seas and oceans, the state of the bottom and shelf.
  • Environmental engineer: gets engaged in professional activities related to ecology, nature conservation, environmental management and sustainable development. The environmental engineer carries out state, municipal, industrial environmental control, performs work on monitoring and forecasting environmental changes.
  • Event manager: organizes business and entertainment events for companies and individuals.
  • HR manager: responsible for the implementation and coordination of human resource management activities.
  • Guide: accompanies and informs tourists on international, national and local travels.
  • Visa service specialist: provides international tourists with necessary travel documents.
  • Tourism manager: gets engaged in the promotion, selection and sale of tours, as well as registration procedures and provision of necessary documents.

Apply to Perm State University today!

PSU Traveler Wins Geography ‘Oscar’ Competition

Andrei Korolev, Associate Professor, Department of Tourism, PSU has been awarded with the Crystal Compass («Хрустальный компас») International Award in the “Travel and Expedition” nomination. The “Earth Poles of Inaccessibility” project by Andrei Korolev and his team, launched in 1998, remains active until today, raising attention and applause from professionals in tourism, worldwide.

Expedition routes passed through the inaccessibility poles of Eurasia, Russia, Kun-Lun, Tibet, Pamir, Tien Shan, North America, New Zealand, Madagascar, Altai, the Sayans and Urals, Continental US, as well as areas of inaccessibility in Antarctica, Greenland, Africa, South America and Australia.

“The areas known as inaccessible are very rarely visited, and serve a standard of natural purity. They give us a clue of what our planet was in prehistoric era. These are the places where the time seemes to stop, and the impact of civilization is at its lowest,”

states Andrei Korolev

The biggest expedition around Tibet territories reached 49 days, with a length of 2500 km (1 553 mi). The project involves travels to most inaccessible points of the world, with no use of vehicles (other than bicycles or ski), in a small group of people, completely autonomous.

Since 2006, the total mass of data collected throughout expeditions became a source for 2 books, over 50 papers and monographs, as well as research publications in the Scopus, also to mention popular science magazines, like National Geographic.

The Crystal Compass, regarded as an international ‘Oscar’ in geography by many, is a known international award marking notable achievements and practical solutions in geography and ecology, as well as preservation and protection of natural, historical and cultural heritage.

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