psuhistory

PSU Students Participate International Archeological School

Five students of the Department of History and Archeology, PSU – Maria Shmyrina, Andrey Smertin, Pavel Smertin, Anastasia Smertina and Artyom Nazarov took part in the 9th International Archaeological School on site of historical and architectural reserve in Bolgar, Republic of Tatarstan, Russia.

Throughout the School program, participants learnt to identify items found during excavation, trace ethnic and cultural influences, restore knowledge of old crafts, master methods of investigation, including nano-chemistry analysis, and train field conservation of archaeological objects.

Three students participated in the section “Restoration of Archaeological Objects”, and two students in “Paleoanthropology”, presenting following reports at the final Conference:

  • “Bone Hygiene Items from the Materials of Settlement Monuments in the Inva River Basin” by Maria Shmyrina;
  • “The Key Features of the Eneolithic cultures of the Forest Zone of Eastern Europe” by Anastasia Smertina;  
  • “Blacksmithing in the Upper Kama Territory (based on the materials of the medieval settlement and burial ground of Anyushkar)” by Andrey Smertin;
  • “The Peter and Paul Necropolis of the City of Perm: on the Issue of Paleontological Study of the Remains of the 2nd quarter of the 18th century” by Pavel Smertin.

“Not did we only manage to gain valuable knowledge and exciting practical experience, but also got acquainted with participants from different parts of Russia and abroad. If the study schedule allows, I would undertake such a trip again, especially in new areas of training within the School framework,”

admits Andrey Smertin.

“Under the guidance of experienced staff, we were entrusted to restore various bronze and lead objects, as well as ceramic vessels. We managed to eliminate traces of corrosion that distort the appearance of the object, as well as prevent their further active destruction,”

Maria Shmyrina shares her archaeological experience.

“At School, I met wonderful people from other cities and countries, too. It’s been quite a rewarding cultural exchange. Now I know a few words in Turkish and ways to cook Arabic desserts. I am also excited about the idea of going to the Chimgan Mountains, Uzbekistan. Next year, I’d like to spend much more time gaining skills for my research,”

says Artyom Nazarov.

About the Faculty of History and Political Science

The Faculty of History and Political Science at PSU was born in 1960, initially as a joint with other University departments. In Soviet Russia, the Faculty was the first to switch to simultaneous study of both the world and national history. In 1996, the Faculty was transformed into the Faculty of History and Political Science, becoming the first one in the Russian history to prepare specialists in political science.

Among the first in the world, the Faculty opened a scientific and educational center for digital humanities, using IT tools to create virtual museums, preserving historical and cultural heritage. The Faculty has extended links abroad, primarily due the Center for Comparative Historical and Political Studies, founded in 2012.  

Throughout years of research activity, several hundred archaeological sites of various cultures were found in Ural region, covering all stages of the development of the material culture of the ancient population from the Paleolithic to modern times.

Since 2008, the Faculty hosts annual scientific forums aimed at young researchers – the Russian Assembly of Young Political Scientists and the All-Russian Conference of Young Scientists, Graduate and Post-Graduate Students “Russia and the World in late XIX – early XX century.”

The Faculty of History and Political Sciences is the only university department in Russia to publish three specialized academic journals included into the State Commission for Academic Degrees and Titles list.

PSU Celebrates International Mother Language Day

PSU experts in history and humanities discussed languages spoken in Russia, comprising its culture and serving its overall diversity.

Of all the languages of Russia, Russian, the most widely spoken language, is the only official language at the national level. There are 35 languages which are considered official languages in various regions of Russia, along with Russian. There are over 100 minority languages spoken in Russia today.

Dr. Nadezhda Borisova, Researcher in Language Policy, and Dean of the Faculty of History and Political Science, Perm State University, spoke about the state of languages in the new edition of the ScienceCast University broadcast.

“The legislation regulating languages exists in almost all national republics within Russia – allowing regional authorities to support the languages of ethnic minorities. In Tatarstan, for instance,  there are conditions exist for learning Mari or Udmurt, besides Russian and Tatar,”

comments Dr. Borisova.

In the broadcast, Dr. Nadezhda Borisova focused on the importance of comprehending native languages along their preservation. Besides most obvious values of such an activity, she also mentioned its contribution to the overall positive national image, as well as the practical use of learning.

Speaking about the improvement of Russian as a state language, Dr. Nadezhda Borisova says, the overall historical background should be taken into consideration – like recent amendments to the Russian Constitution in 2020. At the same time, ethnic minority languages still depend on regional legislation.

 “A language lives as long as it is being used. One should enjoy the opportunity to apply to the court or authorities or be able to read “Harry Potter”, using one’s native language. All this requires dictionaries, textbooks and even keyboards. Supporting language is a timeless job,”

said Dr. Nadezhda Borisova.

International Mother Language Day is a worldwide annual observance held on 21 February to promote awareness of Linguistic diversity and cultural diversity and to promote multilingualism. First announced by UNESCO in 1999, it was formally recognized by the United Nations General Assembly in 2002.

Mother Language Day is part of a broader initiative “to promote the preservation and protection of all languages used by peoples of the world”. The idea to celebrate International Mother Language Day was the initiative of Bangladesh, fighting for recognition of their  Bangla language since 1948.

Expert in Politics Appears Guest on New PSU Podcast, Shares Inspiration in Science

Mikhail Grabevnik, senior lecturer at the Department of Political Science, Perm State University has become the first guest of the Voice of Science podcast. Run previously in a video format, the podcast allows now to listen to scientists and researchers while on the move.  

Although Mikhail looked forward to study law after graduating school, by fortune, he became a student of the Faculty of History and Political Science. There, he discovered a broader variety of disciplines and became interested in political processes and institutions.

“I grew passion for research while preparing my graduation thesis, which incorporated comparative analysis of the Churches of Russia and Ukraine stepping into politics. I enjoyed working with data, and I liked the fact my analysis led to particular results. Although my student thesis showed little scientific novelty on a global scale, it did stimulate me for a further research,”

recollects Mikhail Grabevnik.

Gradually, the scholar switched his research interest to European regionalism, addressing the issues of subjectivity of European regionalist parties, and the development of separatist movements in modern Europe. Today, Mikhail is engaged in the study of subnational regionalism.

“I am thrilled to generate patterns from a large array of data, being the first one to see what others do not see. It surely involves some kind of competitive potential. I find it a boost to my research activity, otherwise I would not have enough strength or time to do science,”

says Mikhail Grabevnik.

In 2020, Mikhail Grabevnik, defended his PhD (Candidate of Political Science) thesis exploring the phenomenon of regionalist parties, using the example of the Scottish National Party (SNP). The scholar analyzed the dynamics of the SNP political strategies throughout the devolutionary period in Scotland (1997-2019).

The Faculty of History and Political Sciences at PSU offers various disciplines for future careers in politics, government, public and international relations. The Faculty publishes 3 dedicated academic journals included into the State Commission for Academic Degrees and Titles list. The Faculty graduates are listed among most successful alumni both on regional and national levels.

Studying in Russia? Learn History, Meet Friends, Build Collaborations!

Are you a foreign student studying in Russia? Looking for new friends or research collaborations? Interested in Russian culture and history? Students from Perm State University, as elsewhere across Russia are welcome to take part in 2nd International Winter School of History ’2022.

The Ministry of Science and Higher Education, the Russian Historical Society, the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation, the Government of the Tula Region and the Tula State University invite Russian and foreign students to participate in the 2nd International Winter School of History ‘2022.

Students of all undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate courses may take part. The School will be held from 21 to 25 March, 2022. Applications are due to 25 January, 2022.

The School will cover the following theme tracks:

  • history of Russian economy and industry;
  • history of Russian literature;
  • history of Ancient Russia and the Moscow kingdom;
  • history of the Great Patriotic War (WWII);
  • history of the Russian Empire.

The School Committee covers costs of travel, accommodation and meals for the School participants. A prerequisite for participation are: certificate of vaccination against coronavirus infection; certificate of contraindications to vaccination, or a previous illness. Applications are accepted in two categories: international students studying at Russian universities, and Russian students.

Applicants must fill out an electronic form, and send a motivation letter indicating personal information and preferred track (no more than 2,000 characters). For international students, required is a letter in Russian, for the Russian students the one in English.

Please, see related links in the comments below:

2nd International Winter School of History ’2022: https://tsu.tula.ru/winter-history-school-2
Application form: http://tsu.tula.ru/download/Formazayvky.pdf
Information Letter: http://www.psu.ru/files/docs/news/!2022/01-11_3/infopismo_Tula.pdf
Further contacts: Olga E. Shumilova, hs-tula@mail.ru, tel: +7-910-940-76-24.

Scholarship Opportunity at PSU

Planning to study at PSU, choosing faculties? Looking for scholarship opportunities?

Perm State University (PSU) has announced a start for a mini-grant scholarship in History and Politics. Eligible for the scholarship are 3rd and 4th year undergraduate students, MA and post-graduate students of the Faculty of History and Politics, PSU with distinguished academic performance. 

The mini-grant scholarship of RUB 30,000 ($ 400) comes as a one-off payment and is meant to provide additional support for research, collecting empirical data or public projects.

  • Application time: due to 2 December, 2021;
  • Location: Partnerships Department (PSU campus, building 8, room 321).
  • Questions, application and agreement to process personal data should be sent to: endowment@psu.ru  

The winners will be determined in accordance with the Scholarship regulations and approved by the Board of Trustees, Perm University Endowment Fund (@endowmentpsu). The link to original news, related links and application form is in the comments below the post.

Initiated in 2018 by PSU alumni, the scholarship commemorates late Dr. Oleg Podvintsev, a known public figure, researcher and teaching professor Faculty of History and Political Sciences, PSU (Историко-политологический факультет ПГНИУ) and aims to promote bright students in the mentioned subjects.

“With the help of the scholarship, we were able to implement a ‘New Look’ city student project, aimed to teach and support those who wish to create high-quality pop-science content. The Podvintsev Scholarship is a great opportunity to fulfil your ideas and desires. I was extremely happy to participate in the competition, along with many talented candidates” ,

Natalya Subbotina, a scholarship holder ‘2020, MA in History, comments.

The scholarship is available to both Russian and international scholars. Recently, 13 students from Azerbaijan, Georgia, Haiti, Indonesia, Iraq, Nigeria, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan are studying at the Faculty of History and Political Science at Perm State University. The Faculty successfully operates, regularly hosting for international and national academic events, providing academic mobility for students and teaching staff.

Know more about the scholarship and application here.

Far From Politics? Closer Than You Think!

How often do you choose to vote, and why? Have you ever thought which factors shape your voice? Or, you are not interested in politics, at all? Political machines use various tools to reach their results, so it is reasonable to understand their impact. Researchers from Perm State University offer a fresher look on the election instruments in their new article:

Eleanora Minaeva and Pyotr Panov, PSU scholars from the Centre for Comparative History and Politics (CCHP), PSU, have published their article “Dense Networks, Ethnic Minorities, and Electoral Mobilization in Contemporary Russia” in the Problems of Post-Communism Journal, published by Routledge. The article by PSU scholars regards the phenomenon of dense networks, aimed to mobilize the electorate.

According to the researchers, the sustainability of the Russian electoral regime is based largely on non-programmatic electoral mobilization, ensuring a high level of electoral turnout and voting for the incumbent party. In spite of the state’s efforts to build an integrated comprehensive political machine, its segments, specifically in subnational units, demonstrate different results in electoral mobilization.

PSU scholars have studied characteristics of local communities that facilitate their emergence: countryside, settlement’s small size, and “segregated” type of ethnic groups’ localization – and their effect upon each other. Based on Duma elections’2016, an original set incorporating local-level data and GIS techniques has beenformed, showing the importance of dense networks in electoral mobilization.  

The regression models by the article authors have demonstrated that all predictors – the share of minorities in the population, countryside, small size of settlements, and segregated spatial localization of ethnic minorities in relation to each other and Russians – influence both turnout and voting for UR positively. Much more importantly, in combination, their effects are enhanced.

Political machines use the density of social networks in numerous ways and means. They rely on heads of administration as a part of ‘power vertical’, lower level ‘bosses’, NGO leaders, clergymen, and informal leaders like elders, celebrities or sportsmen, etc. The range of strategies and instruments of electoral mobilization force ordinary people to vote in what they believe is better for their community.

For Reference:

The Center for Comparative History and Political Studies at Perm State University focuses on interdisciplinary and comparative studies in social sciences, history and anthropology. The Center evolves cooperation with academic community across the globe – enabling dialogue between young scholars, creating a competitive academic environment, promoting the ‘circulation of minds’.

“Dense Networks, Ethnic Minorities, and Electoral Mobilization in Contemporary Russia” in the Problems of Post-Communism Journal. Read more about The Center for Comparative History and Political Studies here.

PSU and University of Helsinki Will Cooperate in Student Mobility

PSU and University of Helsinki Will Cooperate in Student Mobility 

The Center for Comparative History and Political Studies at Perm State University became a member of the project “Finnish-Russian Network on Area Studies and Methodologies”, funded by the Finnish National Agency for Education.

The project is aimed at developing cooperation in education – creating joint training courses and support for student mobility. Other participants in the project are University of Helsinki, Higher School of Economics, the European University at Saint Petersburg, as well as National Research Tomsk State University. The project will last till the end of 2023.

The Center for Comparative History and Political Studies (CCHPS) at Perm State University (PSU) is a team of researchers from different regions and countries, employed by the Faculty of History and Politics (Историко-политологический факультет – ИПФ ПГНИУ).

Established in 2012 by a group of PSU and the European University at Saint Petersburg graduates, the Center for Comparative History and Political Studies focuses on interdisciplinary and comparative studies in the field of social sciences, history, and anthropology, open to cooperation with the academic community across the globe. The Center programs enable dialogue between young scholars, creating a competitive academic environment, promoting the “circulation of minds”.

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PSU Scholar Shares her Vision of Digital Humanities

What will future historians study? Nadezhda Povroznik, Head of the Center for Digital Humanities at Perm State University shares her passion to virtual museums, unveils understanding of digital humanities, recollects international opportunities in this direction and shares hints on writing the first textbook on web history, nationally!

“What is digital humanities?” – Nadezhda sets the story pace. “This is the question which still raises much debate in the scientific community, and there is no single answer to it. In a broad sense, digital humanities is the use of information technology in relation to humanities, with a different and broader attitude”.

“My colleague Andrey Volodin, associate professor at Moscow State University, once defined digital humanities a love marriage between these two words. Dr. Manfred Thaler, Professor of Computer Science for the Humanities, University of Cologne also said: “It doesn’t matter the way you call it, yet it is passion you put in it, which matters. I do believe it’s true,” comments Nadezhda Povroznik.

At the present moment, Nadezhda is writing a first textbook on web history in Russia, as part of a grant from the Vladimir Potanin Charitable Foundation, developing a new course for a master’s degree in web history.

“Unfortunately, the only large web archiving project in Russia is connected with the preservation of official data by government bodies. Obviously, this is not enough. The historians of today need to understand what they will have to keep for the future. The Internet data is quite vulnerable: if it is not saved, then it is irretrievably lost,” says Nadezhda. To answer the question, she has initiated a new master’s course “Web History of Society and its Institutions”, for the academic year 2022/2023.

Nadezhda Povroznik’s favorite area of activity is the research in virtual museums, encouraged and acclaimed by the European scientific community. Since 2017, Nadezhda has been actively working to preserve the historical and cultural heritage of the collections of the Museum of History of Perm University. She was also invited as an expert to a large international project of Virtual Multimodal Museum.

“One of the main advantages of a digital museum vs a real museum is the possibility of an exposition extension and expansion of geographical limits. In addition, any interested visitor may enjoy the opportunity of viewing the exhibit close and from all sides. This is probably the most appealing charm of an electronic collections over a virtual one”.

In 2019, Nadezhda Povroznik completed an internship as a visiting specialist at the C2DH Center for Contemporary and Digital History, University of Luxembourg. There, she researched the digital history of virtual museums – the way they grow, change content, increase functionality and resolve task. As a result, she created a project website, dedicated to her research.

As a result, an Nadezhda was invited to the editorial board of the Journal of Digital History, published by one of the largest academic publishing houses in Western Europe, De Gruyter. Most recently, at a meeting of the Advisory Board, Nadezhda Povroznik was unanimously elected as a co-chairman of Centernet, an organization that unites DH centers globally, as a part of the Alliance of Digital Humanities Organizations (ADHO).

Nadezhda Povroznik was running research in digital humanities, since 2003. While still a student, she took a course in historical informatics and decided to participate in the International Conference by the History and Computer Russian Association. She won the first place in the competition for young scientists and decided to keep on going in that direction.

“I was quite a modest student, back in the days. Yet, when I realized I could attend international conferences for a symbolic student fee, without thinking twice, I found myself on a bus from Moscow to Netherlands,” says Nadezhda Povroznik. “That particular trip gave me the opportunity to build a network of professional connections. I met wonderful, fantastic people, to mention Dr. Manfred Thaler, professor at the University of Cologne, or Dr. Ingo Kropach, the star of historical information science. Furthermore and on, I was lucky to fruitfully collaborate with them”. Today, Nadezhda Povroznik holds the position of a Deputy Dean for Science at the Faculty of History and Political Science, Perm State University (PSU), an associate professor of the Department of Interdisciplinary Historical Research, as well as runs the Center for Digital Humanities and the Laboratory of Historical and Political Informatics, PSU. “Now, as we are living in the age of inter-, trans- and cross-disciplinary research, and the most amazing things happen at its borders and beyond,” Nasezhda sums up.

Faculty of History and Political Sciences

Ever been interested in history, yet missed a practical application? Looking for a career in international diplomacy or governmental administration? Dreamt of digging out the secrets of Ancient cultures? Time to draw lights to the Faculty of History and Political Science!

Which professions may a graduate of History and Politics obtain at Perm State University?  

• Civil servant – engaged in development and implementation of state or municipal projects and programs, performance of management decisions within the established regulations and functions, analysis of socio-economic and political processes, activities of authorities;
• Deputy assistant – assisting deputies (members of assembly, MP, etc.): providing policy-making, analytical, regulatory, organizational, information, communication and project management activity;
• Manager in regulation processes – advising private and public companies, improving management policies, breeding concepts, suggesting directions to grow, performing analytical and organizational activities;
• Political scientist – carrying research within politics as a sphere of social and governmental relations, interpreting and analyzing political life;
• Political analyst – identifying problems requiring management decisions, running projects and performing expertise within politics, evaluating efficiency of decisions taken;
• Political advisor – advising public authorities, local governments, participants of political process on legal regulations, government programs, strategies, forecasts, related documentation, participating in and running political campaigns;
• Archaeologist – studying life and culture of ancient people through special methods and artifacts;
• Teacher of history, political sciences and geography (speaks for itself; with an ability to work in foreign educational institutions and teach international students);
• Curator of museum projects (at school) – running exhibitions, raising funds, running media campaigns, giving interviews, providing lectures and seminars for students and teachers;
• Archivist – processing stored documentation, creating references networks, registering documents, searching and identifying data on particular historical events;
• Historian (researcher) – studying society and its evolution, collecting data and interpreting historical sources;
• Museum worker – ensuring the correct storage and display of historical artifacts;
• Teacher of history (and related subjects) – running educational process and academic activities, teaching courses and disciplines in history;
• Expert researcher in international relations – getting engaged in monitoring, interpretation and commenting on world political processes, both for the development of management decisions and for research purposes;
• International relations specialist – providing support for international activities of political and socio-economic institutions, finding solutions for short- and longtime strategic tasks;
• Specialist in international PR – getting engaged in public activities in international relations, building and maintaining formal, informal and casual communications with representatives of other countries and cultures;
• Museum teacher – educating and training of children and adults by involving them into a variety of museum activities. Museum teacher also conducts diverse classes in the history of art, runs tours, quests and workshops on temporary exhibitions and museum events.

Learn more about the Faculty of History and Political Sciences!

The first lecture for students in history was held right at the start of Perm State University – on 17 October, 1916. The Faculty of History was the first in the Soviet Union to include both world and Russian history into its curriculum. 

Throughout years of research, several hundred archaeological sites of various cultures were found in Ural region, covering all stages of the development of the material culture of the ancient population from the Paleolithic to modern times.

Many research projects by the Faculty are based on rich local history, as Perm had always been on a trade route with Syberia, incorporating indigenous Komi-Permian, Muslim Tatar and Udmurt, and Russian traditions – a source for studies by historians and ethnographers.

Since 1996, the Faculty of History started teaching Political Science, hence its new name. In 2005, the training in State and Municipal Administration was launched, followed by International Relations in 2011.

In 2012, the Center for Comparative Historical and Political Studies was successfully created in partnership with the European University (St. Petersburg, Russia), hosting for international and national academic collaborations, providing academic mobility for students and teaching staff. 

Among the first history schools globally, the Faculty opened a scientific and educational center for digital humanities, which uses IT tools to create virtual museums and preservation of historical and cultural heritage, promoting cross-disciplinary approach to studies. 

Apply to Perm State University today!

April Theses Bloom at PSU

The identity of rock musicians in the USSR, women in the medicine of Antiquity, Icelandic sagas and the phenomenon of identity in Perestroika era movies became topics of choice, among many, at the recent April Theses international student conference at Perm State University.

“The April Theses: A Person in Topical Tocio-Humanitarian Research” Conference took place on 2-3 April, 2021, organized by the Department of History and Archeology, the Department of Interdisciplinary Historical Research, as well as the Student Scientific Society at the Faculty of History and Political Science, PSU.

Participants from Belarus, Ukraine and Russia (Perm, Moscow, St. Petersburg, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Chelyabinsk, Volgograd, Rostov-on-Don, Kemerovo, Yaroslavl, Ufa, Smolensk, Petrozavodsk, Ivanovo) presented their reports, delivered both in Russian and English on a wide range of topics. Naturally, according to anti-COVID-19 safety measures, the Conference took place online.

“It’s felt quite pleasant to be a part of the event, largely due to the benevolent and positive atmosphere. I liked the variety of topics presented, covering a wide variety of aspects of history, politics and society. I believe such conferences to be a necessary element in young researchers’ progress,”

states Vadim Lyashenko, 3rd year student, Ukrainian State University of Railway Transport (Ukraine).

The April Theses Conference became an annual forum for students and young scientists, aimed to support the students’ research activity, providing conditions for their professional and academic progress in social sciences and humanities. Following the results of the conference, a collection of student papers is going to be published.

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